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Wednesday, 9 March 2011

01 FABULAE FACILES TRANSLATION, PERSEUS 01 - THE ARK - with notes and interlinear translation


PART ONE OF RITCHIE's FABULAE FACILES. PERSEUS 01 -  THE ARK - with notes and interlinear translation

Acrisius, an ancient king of Argos, had been warned by an Oracle that he would be killed by his grandson. When he discovered, therefore, that his daughter Danae had given birth to a son, Acrisius endeavoured to escape his fate by putting both mother and child in a wooden ark and setting them adrift on the sea.
They were saved, however, with the help of Jupiter;
and Perseus, the child, grew up at the court of Polydectes,
king of Seriphos, an island in the Aegean Sea. On reaching
manhood, Perseus was sent by Polydectes to fetch the head
of Medusa, one of the Gorgons. This dangerous task he
accomplished with the help of Apollo and Minerva, and on
his way home he rescued Andromeda, daughter of Cepheus,
from a sea-monster. Perseus then married Andromeda,
and lived some time in the country of Cepheus. At length he
returned to Seriphos, and turned Polydectes to stone by
showing him the Gorgon's head; he then went to the court of
Acrisius, who fled in terror at the news of his grandson's
return. The oracle was duly fulfilled, for Acrisius was
accidentally killed by a discus thrown by Perseus.

  1. THE ARK

Haec nárrantur á poétís dé Perseó. Perseus fílius erat Iovis, máximí deórum; avus éius Acrisius appellábátur. Acrisius volébat Perseum nepótem suum necáre; nam propter óráculum puerum timébat. Comprehendit igitur Perseum adhúc infantem, et cum mátre in arcá lígneá inclúsit. Tum arcam ipsam in mare coniécit. Danaé, Perseí máter, mágnopere territa est; tempestás enim mágna mare turbábat. Perseus autem in sinú mátris dormiébat.

b)  some words have been chosen for special consideration and are listed below. For the words not included in this list pease refer to the WORDLIST in PAGES TOP RIGHT SIDE BAR.
Haec, is a pronoun, neuter plural, ‘these things’, can be translated as ‘this’.
Narrantur, is present tense, third person plural passive = they are told. The present tense is often used for dramatic effect when telling a story’.
A poetis and de Perseo: 'a' and 'de' are followed by the ablative case. Also 'in', as 'in sinu' in the last line and 'cum' as in 'cum matre'.
filius … Iovis: son (nominative case) Iovis (genitive case = of Juppiter); matris in the last line is also in the genitive case ‘of (his)mother’. Latin doesn't put in possessive adjectives (his, her etc)when it is obvious; here it is obvious Perseus is on 'his' mother's lap.
maximi ‘greatest’ is a superlative adjective.
avus eius appellabatur: his grandfather was called (passive).
nepotem suum: his grandson, suum is used here because it is the subject of the verb to kill: he wanted to kill = same subject.
Danae is a name borrowed by Latin from Greek.
Igitur often comes second in the sentence as does enim (see below) and autem in the last line.
turbabat and dormiebat are in the imperfect tense because they describe the state of things existing at a past time and are not reporting a completed action.

c) Note: This section is not translated into idiomatic English but is intended, together with the notes, to give you the gist of the meaning; you can then come up with your own improved translation.

Haec nárrantur á poétís dé Perseó.
These things are told by the poets about Perseus
Perseus fílius erat Iovis, máximí deórum;
Perseus was the son of Juppiter, the greatest of the gods;
avus éius Acrisius appellábátur.
his grandfather was called Acrisus.
Acrisius volébat Perseum nepótem suum necáre;
Acrisius wanted to kill Perseus his grandson;
nam propter óráculum puerum timébat.
for, on account of an oracle, he feared the boy
Comprehendit igitur Perseum adhúc infantem,
He therefore seized Perseus, when still an infant,
et cum mátre in arcá lígneá inclúsit.
and with his mother closed him up in a wooden ark.
Tum arcam ipsam in mare coniécit.
Then that same ark, he hurled into the sea.
Danaé, Perseí máter, mágnopere territa est;
Danae, Perseus’ mother, was very frightened;
tempestás enim mágna mare turbábat.
for a great storm was stirring up the sea.
Perseus autem in sinú mátris dormiébat.
Perseus however, on his mother’s lap, was sleeping.

d) The following section is for you to copy and compose your own translation. 

Haec narrantur a poetis de Perseo.

Perseus filius erat Iovis, maximi deorum;

avus eius Acrisius appellabatur.

Acrisius volebat Perseum nepotem suum necare;

nam propter oraculum puerum timebat.

Comprehendit igitur Perseum adhuc infantem,

et cum matre in arca lignea inclusit.

Tum arcam ipsam in mare coniecit.

Danae, Persei mater, magnopere territa est;

tempestas enim magna mare turbabat.

Perseus autem in sinu matris dormiebat.


flanks57 said...

I really like your site.
First I like the webpage design- makes me feel as if I'm in the library and not wasting more timeon the net.
Next I have to say I'm surprised and delighted to find these translations.I was given "Fabulae Faciles" as a present by my Latin teacher about45 years ago and have rarely looked at it since.I've recently started working on Virgil's Aeneid and got this off my bookshelf for a bit of reminiscence and light relief.After all these years the vocabs's starting to come back and the grammar it seems is still fairly intact.
I'd like to ask you aboutsection 4 0f the Perseus story:
It says"Primum ad Graeas,Medusa sorores,pervenit.Ab his talaria et galeam magicam accepit"
This seems to be telling me that Medusa's siters gave Perseus his winged sandals and magic helmet, but if they were the Gorgon's sisters why were thy helping Perseus?
I hope you have time to answer me but in any case thank you so much for the website.Keep up the good work.

Angela Thomas said...

I was just reviewing the blog and realised that it appeared that I didn't answer flanks57 which I did but I replied by email as I didn't know that I should put the reply at the bottom of the post!
My reply on Wednesday March 3rd 2012 was as follows:

Thank you so much for your email and I am sorry that it has taken me so long to reply.

I think Medusa’s sisters were tricked by Perseus into helping him, which is why they were so angry when they discovered what he had done.

I am glad you have enjoyed taking up Latin again and that you like my little blog; I have enjoyed doing it and am very grateful for such positive feedback.